Missile Defense - 33 Minutes The Heritage Foundation

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Experts Featured in 33 Minutes

Dr. Edwin J. Feulner
Dr. Edwin J. Feulner joined the Heritage Foundation as a founding Trustee in 1973 and has been President since 1977. Under Feulner's leadership the Heritage Foundation has grown from a nine-member staff to a 220-person organization occupying two office buildings near the U.S. Capitol. He was recognized in 1989 by President Ronald Reagan, who gave him the Presidential Citizens Medal. In 2007 he was named one of "Washington's 50 most powerful" in GQ magazine, and the London Telegraph named him one of the 100 most influential conservatives in America. Under his leadership, Heritage funded the first study that High Frontier, a space-based missile defense advocacy group, published on missile defense. This study led to President Reagan's plan for developing and using missile defense technology.

Dr. James Jay Carafano
James Carafano is the Assistant Director of The Heritage Foundation's Kathryn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies, and a Senior Research Fellow for defense and homeland security issues. Before joining Heritage he served 25 years in the U.S. Army, rising to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel. He has also served as an Assistant Professor at the U.S. Military Academy, West Point, and is currently a visiting professor at the National Defense University and Georgetown University. Carafano testifies regularly before the U.S. Congress on defense, intelligence, and homeland security issues, and has been published in newspapers nationwide, including The Baltimore Sun, The Boston Globe, The New York Post, and The Washington Times.

Dr. Ken Alibek
Dr. Ken Alibek defected to the United States from the Soviet Union in 1992, after serving in their biological weapons program for more than twenty years. He holds a Ph.D. in microbiology for research and development of plague and tularemia biological weapons and a doctorate of science in biotechnology. Since defecting to the U.S., Alibek has been dedicated to eliminating the dangers of biological weapons. Alibek is a world renowned expert in biological weapons, infectious disease, microbiology, immunology and cancer. He currently serves as the Distinguished Professor of Medical Microbiology and Immunology and Executive Director of The Center for Biodefense at George Mason University. He has served as an outside adviser to the Executive Branch, the Department of Defense, and is a leading expert witness to key Congressional committees and international research foundations. Alibek currently serves as the Chief Executive Officer and President of AFG Biosolutions Inc., a biotech company which seeks to develop and produce recombinant proteins for therapeutic applications.

Dr. Kim Holmes
Dr. Kim Holmes is the Vice President of Foreign and Defense Policy Studies at The Heritage Foundation, and is the Director of its Kathyrn and Shelby Cullom Davis Institute for International Studies. He interrupted his tenure with Heritage, which began in 1985, to accept President Bush's nomination to be Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs. He served in this role from 2002-2005, and was responsible for U.S. negotiations at the United Nations and 46 international organizations. Holmes has published numerous foreign policy products, including the 1995 Defending America: A Near- and Long-Term Plan to Deploy Missile Defenses, which laid the groundwork for US investment in missile defense and U.S. withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty. Holmes' most recent book, Liberty's Best Hope: American Leadership for the 21st Century lays out a plan to ensure America continues its global leadership.

Ed Meese III
Edwin Meese is the Ronald Reagan Distinguished Fellow in Public Policy, and Chairman for Legal and Judicial Studies at the Heritage Foundation. Meese served as Attorney General under President Ronald Reagan, from February 1985 to August 1988. Prior to this, he held the position of Counsellor to the President, the senior position on the White House Staff, where he functioned as Reagan's chief policy adviser. In both of these roles, Meese was a member of Reagan's Cabinet and the National Security Council, and served with Reagan during the conception of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). Meese joined Heritage in 1988, and has since been the author or co-author of three books. In 2006 Meese became a member of the Iraq Study Group, a special presidential commission dedicated to examining the best resolutions for America's involvement in Iraq.

Ambassador Robert Joseph
Ambassador Robert Joseph is a Senior Scholar at the National Institute for Public Policy. Prior to this, Joseph was Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security. From January 2001 through November 2004, Joseph served in the National Security Council as Special Assistant to the President and Senior Director for Proliferation Strategy, Counterproliferation and Homeland Defense. He was responsible for developing and coordinating U.S. policies and strategies for preventing, deterring, and defending against threats to the United States from weapons of mass destruction. Before this Joseph was Professor of National Security Studies and Director/Founder of the Center for Counterproliferation Research at the National Defense University. In 2006, he was the recipient of the annual Ronald Reagan award from the Missile Defense Agency for his contributions to U.S. missile defense.

Dr. William R. Graham
Dr. William Graham served as a science advisor to President Reagan and as the chair of the Committee on the Strategic Defense Initiative. He went on to be a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Defense and has served on many international and national boards and advisory groups, including the National Academy of Science/National Research Council Committee on Undersea Warfare, the Air Force Science Advisory Board Task Force on Manned Strategic System Vulnerability, the U.S.-U.K. Joint Working Group on Atomic Weapons, the Defense Nuclear Agency Scientific Advisory Group on Effects, and the Defense Science Board System Vulnerability Task Force and Associated Task Forces. Most recently, Graham chaired the Commission to Assess the Threat to the United States from Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP) Attack. Graham is also a member of the board of advisers of the Center for Security Policy and NIPP. Graham also served as an adviser to the Independent Working Group on Missile Defense, the Space Relationship, and the 21st Century.

Richard K. Betts
Richard Betts received his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1975 and went on to specialize in national security policy and military strategy, including his current role as faculty fellow in the Department of Political Science, School of International and Public Affairs. Previously, Betts was a Senior Fellow and Research Associate at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC from 1976-1990, and has taught at Harvard and the Johns Hopkins University's Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Betts has also served on the staff of the U.S. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence and as a consultant to the National Security Council and Central Intelligence Agency. Betts has authored numerous publications on a number of issues from NATO to weapons of mass destruction.

Lieutenant General Henry A. "Trey" Obering III (Ret.)
Lt. Gen. Henry A. "Trey" Obering was Director of the Missile Defense Agency, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Washington, D.C. The MDA is Presidentially-chartered and mandated by Congress to acquire highly effective ballistic missile defense systems for forward-deployed and expeditionary elements of the U.S. armed forces. Additionally, the agency will develop options and, if directed, acquire systems for ballistic missile defense of the United States. As Director, General Obering was the Acquisition Executive for all ballistic missile defense systems and programs.

General Obering, a native of Birmingham, Ala., entered the Air Force in 1973 after completing the University of Notre Dame's ROTC program as a distinguished graduate. He received his pilot wings in 1975 and flew operational assignments in the F-4E. The general was later assigned to the Space Shuttle program and participated in 15 space shuttle launches as a NASA orbiter project engineer and was responsible for integrating firing room launch operations. Other assignments include tours with the Air Force Inspector General, the Defense Mapping Agency and Electronic Systems Center.

Margaret Thatcher
Margaret Thatcher's political career has been one of the most remarkable of modern times. Born in October 1925 at Grantham, a small market town in eastern England, she rose to become the first (and for two decades the only) woman to lead a major Western democracy. She won three successive General Elections and served as British Prime Minister for more than eleven years (1979-90), a record unmatched in the twentieth century. During her term of office she reshaped almost every aspect of British politics, reviving the economy, reforming outdated institutions, and reinvigorating the nation's foreign policy. She challenged and did much to overturn the psychology of decline which had become rooted in Britain since the Second World War, pursuing national recovery with striking energy and determination. In the process, Margaret Thatcher became one of the founders, with Ronald Reagan, of a school of conservative conviction politics, which has had a powerful and enduring impact on politics in Britain and the United States and earned her a higher international profile than any British politician since Winston Churchill. For the last quarter century Margaret Thatcher has been one of the world's most influential and respected political leaders, as well as one of the most controversial, dynamic, and plain-spoken.